Why Did So Many People Leave Germany in the 1880s?

Steamships were taking millions of Germans to the United States. Why?

Andrew Gaertner
7 min readMay 16, 2023

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My Great-Grandfather, Henry Carl Gaertner — born 1876 in Germany — photo from my aunt Gail’s album

German Emigration to the USA, Part Two: My Grandpa’s Side

Do you have ancestors who came over from Germany? How many people of German ancestry do you know? For me, the answers are “yes,” and “too many…

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Andrew Gaertner

To live in a world of peace and justice we must imagine it first. For this, we need artists and writers. I write to reach for the edges of what is possible.